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DOI: 10.15507/2658-4123.031.202103.430-448


Estimation of the Elasticity Modulus of Composite Electroplated Coatings during Their Layer-by-Layer Deposition


Sergey Yu. Zhachkin
Professor of the Chair of Automated Equipment for Machine Building Production, Voronezh State Technical University (14 Moskovskiy Prospekt, Voronezh 394026, Russian Federation), D.Sc. (Engr.), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1844-5011, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Anatoliy I. Zavrazhnov
Professor of the Chair of Technological Processes and Technosphere Safety, Michurinsk State Agrarian University (101 Internatsionalnaya St., Michurinsk 393760, Russian Federation), Academician of RAS, D.Sc. (Engr.), This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Nikita A. Penkov
Head of the Laboratory for Methodological Support of Educational Activities, Military Educational and Scientific Centre of the Air Force N. E. Zhukovsky and Y. A. Gagarin Air Force Academy (54A Starykh Bolshevikov St., Voronezh 394064, Russian Federation), Cand.Sc. (Engr.), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4644-3814, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Alexei V. Martynov
Associate Professor of the Technical Service Machines Chair of Institute of Mechanics and Power Engineering, National Research Mordovia State University (68 Bolshevistskaya St., Saransk 430005, Russian Federation), Cand.Sc. (Engr.), Researcher ID: AAR-8786-2020, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4744-4373, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Roman N. Zadorozhny
Leading Researcher of Federal Scientific Agroengineering Center VIM (5, 1st Institutskiy Proyezd, Moscow 109428, Russian Federation), Cand.Sc. (Engr.), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8007-0732, Scopus ID: 57215670358, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Introduction. To keep automobiles and tractors in operation conditions, it is necessary to restore the inner cylindrical surfaces of the friction pair parts. This is the most laborintensive activity. The method of electroplated contact deposition of composite coatings, based on elastic plastic deformation of formed layers, is used for repairing surfaces. To use this method it is necessary to determine the values of the elasticity modulus, on which the wear resistance of tribocouplings depends.
Materials and Methods. For the study, cylindrical samples made of 30 HGSA and 30 HGSNA steels were used. Electrolyte containing 200–250 g/l chromium oxide, 2.0–2.5 g/l sulfuric acid, and distilled water was used for electroplating the coatings. When calculating the stress-strain state, the apparatus of continuum mechanics was used.
Results. The dependence of the coating pliability as a function of the parameters of individual elementary layers is determined. When the multilayer coating of three types (orthogonal-reinforced, cross-reinforced and quasi-isotropic) is applied, its structure does not depend on the angles of kinematic tool movement on the inner cylindrical surface of the part. For each type of coatings, the way to determine the constant stiffness coefficients of the layers is specified. The dependences for calculating the elasticity modulus of the applied material are derived from the values of the stiffness coefficients.
Discussion and Conclusion. In determining the modulus of elasticity of multilayered composite coatings, the calculation is made for the individual layers by passing to the convective coordinates, which is in complete agreement with the Lagrange point of view on the study of the motion of a continuous medium. The results obtained are of practical significance in the selection of the coating material to be applied for the restoration of internal cylindrical surfaces.

Keywords: cylindrical surface, restoration of parts, multilayer composite coating, elasticplastic deformation, stiffness coefficient, elasticity modulus

Conflict of interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

For citation: Zhachkin S.Yu., Zavrazhnov A.I., Penkov N.A., et al. Estimation of the Elasticity Modulus of Composite Electroplated Coatings during Their Layer-by-Layer Deposition. Inzhenernyye tekhnologii i sistemy = Engineering Technologies and Systems. 2021; 31(3):430-448. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15507/2658-4123.031.202103.430-448

Contribution of the authors:
S. Yu. Zhachkin – formulation of the basic research concept and analysis of the results.
A. I. Zavrazhnov – methodological guidance.
N. A. Penkov – experimental studies.
A. V. Martynov – writing the draft.
R. N. Zadorozhny – drawing the conclusions.

All authors have read and approved the final manuscript.

Received 26.04.2021; approved after reviewing 20.05.2021;
accepted for publication 01.06.2021



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