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DOI: 10.15507/2658-4123.031.202103.336-348


Possibilities of Obtaining Biogas from Manure and Amaranth


Julia V. Karaeva
Leading Researcher, Head of the Power Systems and Technologies Laboratory, Institute of Power Engineering and Advanced Technologies, FRC Kazan Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences (2/31 Lobachevsky St., Kazan 420111, Russian Federation), Cand.Sc. (Engr.), Researcher ID: F-6917-2017, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9275-332X, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Svetlana S. Timofeeva
Senior Researcher of the Power Systems and Technologies Laboratory, Institute of Power Engineering and Advanced Technologies, FRC Kazan Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences (2/31 Lobachevsky St., Kazan 420111, Russian Federation), Cand.Sc. (Engr.), Researcher ID: AAZ-5531-2020, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4168-2442, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Introduction. The use of biomass allows increasing the rate of biogas formation and its specific yield. This work aims to study the kinetics of methanogenesis and determine the optimal duration of digestion and organic load, which are the main indicators of the technological process of biogas formation.
Materials and Methods. The substrate (dairy manure, biomass of amaranth) was the study object. Experimental studies were carried out using a laboratory biogas plant. The computer program (certificate No. 2018662045) was used to obtain modified Gompertz models describing the kinetics of biogas formation. Based on the obtained data, the hydraulic retention time and organic loading rate (the key parameters in the design of biogas plants were determined).
Results. The paper presents the experimental studies results of the biogas formation kinetics when using dry amaranth biomass. The Gompertz mathematical models were obtained. Methane-tank control parameters (hydraulic retention time and organic loading rate) were obtained for anaerobic digestion of a new substrate.
Discussion and Conclusion. The use of new co-substrate Amaranthus retroflexus L. allowed increasing the specific biogas yield from dairy manure by 52.2 % and the ultrasonic pre-treatment in combination with the herbal supplement by 89.1 %. The optimal hydraulic retention time value was 10 days and organic loading rate was 4.1 kg of volatile solids per m3 of digester per day.

Keywords: biogas, co-digestion, dairy manure, biomass, hydraulic retention time, amaranth

Conflict of interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

For citation: Karaeva J.V., Timofeeva S.S. Possibilities of Obtaining Biogas from Manure and Amaranth. Inzhenernyye tekhnologii i sistemy = Engineering Technologies and Systems. 2021; 31(3):336-348. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15507/2658-4123.031.202103.336-348

Contributions of the authors:
J. V. Karaeva – formulating the research task, conducting experiments, analysis of the results, and conclusions.
S. S. Timofeeva – conducting experimental research, analyzing and drawing conclusions.

All authors have read and approved the final manuscript.

Submitted 26.03.2021; approved after reviewing 21.04.2021;
accepted for publication 10.06.2021



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