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DOI: 10.15507/2658-4123.034.202401.088-100


Determination of the Water Jet Geometric Parameters Depending on the Type of Nozzle and Jet Operation Mode


Aleksandr V. Shutenko
Engineer of the Research Laboratory for Development of Nano- and Microsystems Engineering Products, Moscow Institute of Electronic Technology (1 Shokin Sq., Zelenograd, Moscow 124498, Russian Federation), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0009-0004-0394-4514, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Dmitry O. Khort
D.Sci. (Engr.), Chief Researcher, Head of the Laboratory of Machine Technologies for Cultivation and Harvesting of Fruit and Berry Crops, Federal Scientific Agroengineering Center VIM (5, 1st Institutskiy Proyezd Moscow 109428, Russian Federation), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6503-0065, Researcher ID: Q-2695-2017, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Introduction. The article describes the process of considering the geometric parameters of water jet depending on a water jet operation mode and nozzle type. Within the framework of the study of hydraulic soil treatment in the under-tree zones, it became necessary to study the water jet parameters when using different types of nozzles. There was need to determine the geometric parameters of water flow for calculating the cross-sectional area and determining the structural features of the water jet formation. These characteristics are important for a complete description, subsequent study and calculation of water jet action during hydraulic soil treatment; they also allow studying the real shape and structure of the water jet when using different types of nozzles.
Aim of the study. The study is aimed at determining the geometric parameters of the water jet for different nozzles including turbo cutters located at different heights.
Materials and Methods. To solve this problem, there was developed a test bench, on four pillars, to which the adapter of the supply line of the high-pressure apparatus with replaceable nozzles is fixed. To fix the position and shape of the water jet with a certain frequency, a Basler ace acA1920 camera was used. There was also used a high-pressure apparatus with a maximum pressure of P = 140 MPa, a maximum flow rate of Q = 360 l/h. A standard nozzle with a flat jet, a standard turbo nozzle, and a turbo nozzle of the developed design were used. The geometric parameters of the water jet section were measured from the photographs obtained.
Results. From the photos obtained, it can be seen that the rotating water stream entering the turbo nozzle of its own design and the standard turbo nozzle disintegrates from rapid rotation, forming a cone, the cross-sectional area of which is a circle, and affects the soil surface. A flat jet is characterized by a rectangular cross-section.
Discussion and Conclusion. According to the results of the study we can draw the following conclusions, the nozzle of the proposed design allows creating water jets of the largest area, which should provide an increase in the working width and, as a consequence, an increase in productivity and quality of soil surface treatment in mainline plantations. This study will also make it possible to analyze the structure of the jet during its operation.

Keywords: soil hydrotreatment, tree trunk zones, intensive gardens, mulching, nozzles, geometric parameters of the water jet

Conflict of interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

For citation: Shutenko A.V., Khort D.O. Determination of Water Jet Geometric Parameters Depending on the Type of Nozzle and Jet Operation Mode. Engineering Technologies and Systems. 2024;34(1):88‒100. https://doi.org/10.15507/2658-4123.034.202401.088-100

Authors contribution:
А. V. Shutenko – introduction, literature review, development of the mathematical model, calculation of geometrical parameters of the jet, justification of the parameters of the actuating device, processing of statistical data.
D. O. Khort – setting the purpose and problems of the research, formulation of its results, determination of technological parameters and operating modes of the actuator.

All authors have read and approved the final manuscript.

Submitted 01.06.2023; revised 29.09.2023;
accepted 10.10.2023



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