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DOI: 10.15507/2658-4123.032.202203.373-389


Usage of Rapeseed Oil and Ethanol in a Diesel Engine


Vitaly A. Likhanov
Head of the Chair of Thermal Engines of Automobiles and Tractors, Vyatka State Agrotechnological University (133 Oktyabrskiy Prospekt, Kirov 610017, Russian Federation), Dr.Sci. (Engr.), Professor, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3033-7176, Researcher ID: AGN-7347-2022, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Oleg P. Lopatin
Professor of the Chair of Thermal Engines of Automobiles and Tractors, Vyatka State Agrotechnological University (133 Oktyabrskiy Prospekt, Kirov 610017, Russian Federation), Dr.Sci. (Engr.), Associate Professor, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0806-6878, Researcher ID: AAD-8374-2019, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Introduction. Alternative fuels in IC-engines make it possible to reduce the harmful effects of exhaust gases on the environment without the use of expensive cleaning systems, diversify the fuel market, and reduce the consumption of non-renewable energy recourses, while research aimed at studying the use of alternative fuels makes it possible to find optimal options for replacing non-renewable raw materials. The purpose of the work is to study the effect of using ethanol in a standard tractor diesel engine with volumetric mixing and combustion from flare resulting from the autoignition of a rapeseed oil pilot portion and to optimize separate cyclic fuel deliveries to obtain maximum energy and environmental effect.
Materials and Methods. The article deals with the description of the results of the use of rapeseed oil and ethanol in a serial tractor diesel engine of dimension 2F 10.5/12.0 with separate fuel injection directly into the combustion chamber. In the course of experimental studies, the working process was indicated by a piezo quartz pressure sensor installed in the cylinder head, fuel and air consumption were measured, and samples of exhaust gases to study the gas composition and determine the content of toxic components and smokiness were taken.
Results. The exact ethanol and rapeseed oil delivery was determined; the values of the average effective pressure, the average temperature of gases in the cylinder, and active and full heat generation were obtained. It is shown that with an increase in the cyclic ethanol delivery, the proportion of heat from kinetic combustion increases, while the diesel process is characterized by an increase in the proportion of diffusion combustion when the load increases. The analysis of the processes inside the cylinder when the engine runs on ethanol and rapeseed oil in comparison with the traditional diesel process is carried out.
Discussion and Conclusion. The use of rapeseed oil and ethanol can completely replace the traditional fuel of petroleum origin for an operating diesel engine by installing additional fuel equipment and modifying the head of cylinder block through mounting an additional nozzle. In this case, the environmental performance of the diesel engine improves significantly.

Keywords: diesel engine, ethanol, rapeseed oil, combustion, heat generation, toxicity, exhaust gases

Conflict of interests: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

For citation: Likhanov V.A., Lopatin O.P. Usage of Rapeseed Oil and Ethanol in a Diesel Engine. Engineering Technologies and Systems. 2022;32(3):373-389. doi: https://doi. org/10.15507/2658-4123.032.202203.373-389

Contribution of the authors:
V. A. Likhanov – scientific guidance, analysis and revision of the text.
O. P. Lopatin – formation of the structure of the article, analysis of literary data, description of methods and ways to reduce smoke, text editing, drawing conclusions and conclusions.

All authors have read and approved the final manuscript.

Submitted 05.04.2022; approved after reviewing 16.05.2022;
accepted for publication 01.06.2022



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